Rush Hour on Vernon Street

turkeys #7.jpg

I think I surprised Donna Corriveau when I stopped by unannounced one cold December morning. She was shoveling snow from her porch, and I thought it would be a good time to find out how she attracted so many birds to her yard. As I explained the reason for my visit, I could see a hairy woodpecker and a blue jay at one feeder a few feet over her shoulder. Chickadees and nuthatches were busy at another. Like every other time I drove by, Donna’s yard was full of birds. In fact, I had recently waited as a long line of turkeys crossed Vernon Street for a visit.

Donna uses a few feeders to convert her entire property into a café for birds. She scatters cracked corn on the ground for turkeys and doves. She mixes un-popped popcorn and bread in a feeder, which the woodpeckers and jays enjoy. She has suet in another feeder and black sunflower seeds in yet another. 

She’s been doing this for 22 years. The result is a yard full of birds and a potential traffic jam due to all the turkeys crossing the road.

Why does she do it? Simple - she takes great pleasure in sitting in her chair with a cup of coffee and watching what shows up. Over the years, she’s seen some interesting things, including 52 turkeys during one visit! When turkeys show up, crows do, too. “The crows like to torment the turkeys.” She’s counted over 60 crows at one time.

A raven once hung around imitating the scream of a fisher cat. Another time, a turkey climbed onto a dirt flower bed and peered through the window. “It was like he was asking me to bring him food.”

Sometimes a goshawk shows up. “It’s terrible,” she said. “I don’t like it when he carries off my birds.”

Most of us will never feed birds at the scale Donna does. She buys popcorn by the case and goes through 20 pound bags of cracked corn every few weeks.

However, take a tip from Donna. Try sunflower seeds in a feeder.  Scatter some corn. Then, get a cup of coffee and see what shows up. Oh, and next time you drive down Vernon Street, watch out for turkey rush hour. It just means Donna’s feeding her birds. 

James Reddoch, of Albany Township and Boston, leads birding events for the Mahoosuc Land Trust, which celebrates 30 years conserving the natural areas of the Mahoosuc Region. Visit Mahoosuc Land Trust at 162 North Road, Bethel, ME or at To learn about upcoming events or to contact James, send your emails to

Little Tin Horns

On one of my first visits to the Mahoosuc region, almost 30 years ago now, I watched a Red-breasted Nuthatch hiding sunflower seeds in the crevices of a massive white pine growing alongside Hutchinson Pond. As a flatlander, it felt a long way from Mississippi where I had grown up. The “yank, yank, yank” of that little nuthatch was like a tune played on a little, tin horn. It has stuck in my head to this day and is how I learned to identify the difference between the Red-breasted Nuthatch compared to the White-breasted Nuthatch who’s call is a more nasal, “Quank, quank, quank.” Both of these species occur commonly in the Mahoosuc region. The Red-breasted Nuthatch prefers fir and hemlock forest while the White-breasted seems to occur more widely. Both species come regularly to feeders.

A distinct behavioral characteristic of all nuthatches is that they perch and climb in a head-down position. They use their wedged-shaped bills to pry or hammer open seed and to probe tree bark for insects and spiders. Both nuthatches can be found traveling in loose, mixed flocks, especially in the winter, along with chickadees, kinglets and downy woodpeckers.

James article six2.jpg

The White-breasted is the larger of the two. It has grey and black wings and back. Its face is white with a black cap extending down to the back. Its throat, belly and flanks are white, but it has a rusty, brown wash under its tail. They may blend in with the chickadees at your feeder if you aren’t watching closely.

                The Red-breasted Nuthatch has a gun-metal grey back and wings. The top of the bird’s head is complicated in appearance and is black on top bordered by white stripes on both sides. The bird has a broad, black eye-stripe with grey/white cheeks and throat. Its belly and sides are a rusty red.


According to Birds of North America Online that the Red-breasted Nuthatch is known to collect and smear sticky sap around the holes they excavate and use for nesting. Red-breasted Nuthatches are said to be more nomadic, with populations visiting into one area for a time only to move on to another region later. Therefore, you may hear this bird and its little tin horn more some years compared to others.  (Information sourced from

James Reddoch, of Albany Township and Boston leads birding events for the Mahoosuc Land Trust. Mahoosuc Land Trust celebrates 30 years conserving the natural areas of the Mahoosuc Region. Visit us at Valentine Farm, 162 North Road Bethel, ME or at To learn about an upcoming event or to contact James send your emails to

Hairy or Downy?

Several woodpecker species live in Maine year-round. Downy and Hairy Woodpeckers are among the most common and often visit feeders for sunflower seeds or suet. Both species sport a black and white checkered pattern on their wings, with a white throat, chest, sides and belly. Males have a red patch on the back of their head. Juveniles may have some red feathers on their forehead.

Whereas most birds have three toes with two pointing forward and one back, woodpecker’s feet are “zygodactyl” with two toes pointing forward and two pointing backward. Their stiff tail feathers give leverage as they grip the sides of trees. Their bills are shaped and used like a chisel to hammer holes or flake bark looking for insects. Both species have long, barbed tongues which flick into crevices, holes and tunnels for insects.

To the casual observer, these two species are virtually identical. So, how do you tell a Hairy from a Downy?

The Downy is a petite bird with a small beak. It can forage on small stems, twigs, fruit or seed clusters. The Hairy is bigger and heavier and cannot manage these acrobatic moves easily. So, where a bird is foraging may give you a clue. Also, experienced birders tell me they can identify the differences based on their calls, with the Hairy making a stronger, “Peek, peek.” The Downy’s call is a shriller, “Pik, pik.” I don’t trust my ear to hear these difference, but it is fun to try.

The best method for confidently identifying these two is by their bills. The Downy’s bill is tiny. When seen in profile, its bill is about half the length of the bird’s head. The Hairy’s bill is much larger. Its length is about the same as the length of its entire head. Of course, this trick only works if you get a good look at the bird’s profile. The good news is that these birds are easier to observe at the feeder or through binoculars than many smaller, faster moving birds.

Fill your feeder with black sunflower seeds and you are sure to find one or both of these species as regular visitors. Practice observing their beak proportions and you’ll become an expert in no time. (Information sourced from & The Sibley Field Guide to Birds mobile app.)

James Reddoch, of Albany Township and Boston, leads birding events for the Mahoosuc Land Trust which celebrates 30 years conserving the natural areas of the Mahoosuc Region. Visit Mahoosuc Land Trust at Valentine Farm, 162 North Road Bethel, ME or at To learn about upcoming events or to contact James, send your emails to

Hairy Woodpecker

Hairy Woodpecker

Downy woodpecker

Downy woodpecker

Raven or Crow?

“How do I tell the difference between ravens and crows?” This question was asked during a recent birding class at the Mahoosuc Land Trust and one I hear a lot. So, I thought I would offer a few tips.

Ravens and crows, both members of the Corvid family, are large, black birds. Both occur commonly in our area. Several tips help distinguish Common Ravens from their more often seen cousins, the American Crow.

Ravens are more reclusive and tend to avoid populated areas. Ravens are larger and heavier. Their bills are notably bulkier, and they have elongated feathers on their throats which are sometimes called “hackles”. A raven’s call is a throaty, “Gronk” versus the crow’s signature, “Caw”. A caution here – both birds are vocal and make different sounds and calls. Both have been documented imitating other animals and birds.

Raven or crow?

Raven or crow?

Both birds are strong and acrobatic flyers, often seen wheeling and cavorting in the wind. Ravens, however, can soar like a hawk for long periods. Crows can only glide for short periods without flapping. When seen flying, raven’s tails are often a give-away. A raven’s tail feathers form a wedge shape like in the picture above, whereas a crow’s tail is squared-off.

These are the primary clues I look for when I spot a large black bird here in our area.

James Reddoch, of Albany Township and Boston, leads birding events for the Mahoosuc Land Trust which celebrates 30 years conserving the natural areas of the Mahoosuc Region. Visit Mahoosuc Land Trust at 162 North Road, Bethel, ME or at To learn about upcoming events or to contact James, send your emails to

Chickadees the Size of House Cats

“It’s a good thing Chickadees aren’t the size of house cats!” I don’t remember where I read this, but I smile when I refill my feeders and am scolded by an impatient, food-line of Black-capped Chickadees which call my yard home. I doubt I’d be as bold if, in fact, they were the size of cats. Even at their small size, these birds do not find me intimidating. One year, a Chickadee, probably a youngster, repeatedly landed on my hand as I filled the feeders. This kept up for twenty minutes until another, in my mind, more experienced bird appeared. The new arrival scolded us until my new friend flew away. Over the next few days, I looked for him but he never came back to feed from my hand. Scientists tell us not to attribute human characteristics to animals, but I can’t help it. I think that scolding Chickadee was the youngster’s mother, aghast to find her child taking seeds from a stranger. In any event, I am lucky that she weighed-in at under half an ounce and wasn’t the size of a house cat. I don’t think I would have gotten off with just a Chickadee-cursing, if her size matched her personality.

chickadee in hand article #3.jpg

Black-capped Chickadees live year round in our region and can be heard and seen on almost any walk, whether in the woods or down a side walk. Brian Sullivan on Birds of North America Online reports that males are slightly larger than females. But, to my eye, it is almost impossible to tell one bird from another as they dangle from cones and branches in a big white pine or move, conveyer-belt fashion, back and forth to my feeders.

Bernd Heinrich in his book, Winter World, describes how Chickadees often are found moving about in loose flocks with other types of birds. So, if Chickadees are around, look for other birds which may be nearby including White and Red-breasted Nuthatches, Downy Woodpeckers and Golden-crowned Kinglets. Safety may be one reason these birds flock together. Loud Chickadees may serve as an early-warning-system for the flock. In fact, I’ve learned to look for predators when I hear scolding Chickadees. Recently, at Valentine Farm, angry Chickadees led me to a Norther Saw-whet Owl hiding in a hemlock a few feet from the trail. I wouldn’t have seen it without the mad-as-a-house-cat personality of the Chickadees. (Information sourced from & Winter World, Heinrich, 2004.)

 Mahoosuc Land Trust celebrates its 30th year working to conserve the natural areas of the Mahoosuc Region. Visit us at Valentine Farm Conservation Center, 162 North Road Bethel, ME or to learn about how you can join us for a hike or attend an upcoming event.

 James Reddoch, of Albany Township and Boston leads birding events for the Mahoosuc Land Trust. He can be reached at

Why Birds?

There are a host of reasons to pay attention to birds. Watching tree swallows sail over a meadow, or listening for a ruffed grouse’s drumming from deep in the forest can bring pure joy.

Paying attention to the birds around us is also a way to access the wild world we enjoy here in the Mahoosuc region. Hearing a loon for the first time can be as exciting as seeing a moose. When yellow-bellied sapsuckers return in the late winter, you know that sap is running.

Common Loon with chick

Common Loon with chick

Maybe more important, birds can be a good indicator of change in the world we share with them. Like the old saying, “the canary in the coal mine” birds can signal when something is wrong. The World Wildlife Fund in its 2018 paper, Living Planet, reported a 60% drop in animal populations across the planet in recent decades. And, birds have not been immune. The 2018 State of the World’s Birds report states that 1,469 types of birds are threatened with extinction. 

Here in the Mahoosuc region, loon populations are being watched closely to protect the waters on which they rely. Many of the birds that migrate to our region from the tropics are undergoing dramatic drops in their populations. Understanding these trends isn’t just for the birds. If birds are doing poorly, it is a good bet that the air, water, soil and forest we share may be threatened as well. 

Birders can help. More and more they are reporting their sightings to scientists who use the information to gain insights into trends and patterns. This is often the first step in finding solutions. Here are few success stories:  

  • Nesting bald eagles are regularly reported along the Androscoggin when, just a few decades ago, they had almost entirely disappeared.

  • · Wild turkeys, once absent from New England, are now common. I recently had to stop my car on Vernon Street because a flock of almost 30 turkeys were crossing the road.

  • · Dick Albert of Fryeburg tells of how in the last five years sandhill cranes, a wading bird larger than a great blue heron, has returned to nest along the Saco where they had been absent for decades.

    If you are interested in learning more about birds, watch for upcoming events sponsored by the Mahoosuc Land Trust. On January 12th, I am teaching a Beginning Birder Class. It’s free and will provide tips designed to help all birders but is designed for beginners. Call (207) 824-3806 To find out more and register.

A Landscape of Superlatives

“The Western Maine Mountains region is a landscape of superlatives.” That is how Janet McMahon, writing for the Maine Mountain Collaborative, opened her recent paper describing our corner of Maine.

Golden-crowned kinglet

Golden-crowned kinglet

Those who live and visit here know this to be true. Mahoosuc Bird News periodically focuses on those “superlatives” by highlighting birds (and our other non-human neighbors) of the Mahoosucs. 240 different kinds of birds have been reported in Oxford County. Many travel here hundreds, even thousands of miles in the spring to raise their young. Others, like the Golden-crowned Kinglet, weighing scarcely more than two dimes, have found a way to survive our long winters.

Our area is home to some of the last remaining tracks in the Eastern U.S. which can host populations of large mammals like moose and bear. There are many unique plants and birds. For some, like the Boreal Chickadee which typically lives further north in Canada, we are at the extreme Southern point in their range. We truly live among “superlatives.” So join us as we explore the nature around us – who they are, where they can be found and what we can do to ensure they endure for generations to come.

Now for those Golden-crowned Kinglets - this tiny bird lives year-round in our region. It prefers hemlock and spruce forest. Kinglets are olive-green above and paler below. They sport two white bars on their wings and what I call black and white racing stripes on their head.

When alarmed, the males display an orange patch on the top of their head. This patch can be concealed. Females only show a yellow wash. Because of their size and the dense forests they prefer, they are hard to find. They constantly seek insects to eat in order to survive through long winter nights in Maine.

Kinglets are known to travel in mixed-flocks with other small birds. They may find security following the much noisier chickadees, which scold any threat. To find Golden-crowned Kinglets, first search online and listen to their high, soft song.  Then, the next time you are out and surrounded by a flock of chickadees, listen for tsee-tsee-tsee-tsee-teet-leetle. Once you hear them calling, a little patience may reveal this “superlative” of the Mahoosucs urgently seeking food for the cold night ahead. (Information sourced from


Mahoosuc Land Trust celebrates its 30th year working to conserve the natural areas of the Mahoosuc Region. Visit us at Valentine Farm Conservation Center, 162 North Road, Bethel, ME or to learn about how you can join us for a hike or attend an upcoming event.

Welcome to Mahoosuc Bird Notes, written by James Reddoch, MLT member and bird enthusiast. This is the first of a year of weekly articles celebrating everything birds.

Volunteers Prep for Black & White 2 Peak Challenge Sept 23

Volunteers from Mahoosuc Land Trust and Chisholm Ski Club and an Outward Bound group from Lowell, MA, worked together to clear downed trees, brush, and leaves over approximately two miles of the Black and White Trail.  The trail, which connects the land trust's preserve at Whitecap Mountain with Black Mountain is the route for the upcoming September 23rd Black and White 2 Peak Challenge, an annual 8.7-mile foot race organized by Black Mountain of Maine.  Information is available at or by calling (207) 357-8844.

trail work.jpg

Member Profile - Mahoosuc Guide Service

Photo credit: Greg Nolan

Photo credit: Greg Nolan

Photo credit: Little Outdoor Giants

Photo credit: Little Outdoor Giants

I want to share with all of you my mid-night encounter with a big black bear on Umbagog Lake...Polly Mahoney

Polly Mahoney and Kevin Slater, owners of Mahoosuc Guide Service, live the dream life.  Each year they lead people from all over New England and the world on wilderness canoe trips and dog-sledding excursions.  Kevin and Polly will pull back the curtain and give us a peek as to how things have changed in their 28 years providing guiding services to the public.

Before meeting at Hurricane Island Outward Bound School in 1989, both had already experienced outdoor adventures.  Polly was born in Bangor and grew up in South China, Maine. She went to Alaska when she was 20, spending the next 9-½ years in the Yukon living a subsistence lifestyle and perfecting her bush skills including learning to dogsled.  The dogs they have now are direct descendants of the ones she learned to mush with 38 years ago. Kevin grew up in southwest Pennsylvania and came to Maine at the age of 18. He initially worked for Chub Foster on Grand Lake Matagamon and with various Outward Bound Schools.

He is a mountaineer, paddler, guide to far off places like Denali in Alaska, and Ben Nevis in Scotland and he is one of the first people to paddle the Grand Canyon in a canoe. Kevin is a Master woodworker who makes dogsleds, wood canvas canoes and paddles.

After 28 years in business, Polly and Kevin have seen lots of changes.  The weather is different – winters are shorter, storms are more extreme in both summer and winter.  The clientele have changed too – some people are looking for “shorter experiences not wanting to be away from their phones” too long, while others want to connect with family away from their everyday lives and welcome being “unplugged.”  Schools have added trips to enrich students’ education – a Harvard student said the highlight of his four years was a three-day dogsledding/winter camping trip with Mahoosuc Guide Service. However, not all clients are looking to shorten their stay. A couple from Scotland started taking trips with Polly and Kevin when they were in their late 60’s and continued to do so for 21 years! At the spry age of 85, Polly’s Mom still accompanies them on multiple day canoe trips, using her experience as a sailor to help read the weather and water.

Dogs are central to Kevin’s and Polly’s work and life. They have raised dozens and dozens of Yukon huskies, from puppies through training to in-house retirement. Currently they are caring for 34 sled dogs. 

When not guiding trips, Polly’s pastimes include organizing events in the Mahoosuc Mountain Lodge – concerts, dances, first aid courses, retreats, and meetings.  The timberframe building (which they mostly built themselves) has spectacular views of the Mahoosuc mountains and beckons visitors to come and sit awhile.

Polly and Kevin have been supporters of Mahoosuc Land Trust for about 20 years.  “We know many of the people on the board and officers of the organization. We like what MLT is doing and love to see more country go into conservation so that future generations can enjoy it as we have.”

On Wednesday, October 24th, Polly and Kevin will be speaking about “A Day in the Life of a Maine Guide” at the McLaughlin Center at Gould Academy at 7pm.

MLT Receives Large Conservation Parcel in Bethel, Gilead, Newry

A Gem of a Property: The McCoy-Chapman Forest

McCoy turkeyfoot on gas ROW 2016-08-02 16.36.33.jpg

After working with Geneva “Ginnie” McCoy of Gilead for a number of years, and with her estate after her death in 2016, Mahoosuc Land Trust recently took ownership of the McCoy-Chapman Forest. This incredible property, located on the North Road in Bethel, stretches from the north side of the Androscoggin River in Bethel and Gilead, to 1600’ in elevation in Newry. To ensure Ginnie’s desire to maintain the property in an undeveloped state, MLT took title subject to permanent restrictions allowing for recreation, education, timber harvesting, and related conservation uses.

MLT will prepare a management plan that is likely to include future pedestrian trails to some of the over 4000 feet of Androscoggin River frontage, snowmobile access across the existing route parallel to the river, and walking and skiing trails north of the North Road. Some exciting features of the property include mature pine and hardwood stands, clear mountain streams with cascades and pools and abundant signs of bear and other wildlife.

We are working with other organizations in the region toward the common goals of a connected Bethel area and are exploring the possible linkage of the McCoy-Chapman Forest to other recreational parcels in the area, including the future Bethel Community Forest.

Relatives of Mrs. McCoy and her late husband, Sam McCoy, made very significant financial gifts to MLT in order to facilitate the transfer. In order to complete the terms of the transfer, MLT took out loans which will need to be repaid within two years, through a fundraising effort which will also cover costs for initial recreational improvements, land management, and perpetual stewardship responsibilities.

MLT is looking for interested individuals to join a group of volunteers to inventory and plan for future uses of the property in a manner that serves public needs. For further information, or to assist the Trust in its effort to make the project come to fruition, contact Kirk Siegel at MLT, at 207-824-3806 or

Global Big Day at Valentine Farm

Big Day Bird Count.png

How many birds can be seen in one day? That’s the question that drives a ‘big day,’ a 24-hour birding binge that is a fond tradition among birders. The current record for a single Big Day team is 431 species, set in Ecuador.

Traditional birding ‘big days’ focus on a single team of birders, which got Cornell Lab of Ornithology thinking: what if everyone in the world joined together for a single Big Day? The answer, it turns out, is an incredible 65% of all the bird species on the planet—at least.

On May 5, come to Valentine Farm at 8:00AM and join more than 20,000 other birders from around the world counting bird species as part of Global Big Day

Androscoggin River Watershed Conference

The Androscoggin River Watershed Council will be hosting the 23rd Annual Watershed Conference on May 3rd at Sunday River Ski Resort.  The agenda addresses both environmental and recreational opportunities and challenges in the watershed.  A final session addressing climate change in Western Maine should be of interest to all.  Presenters include MLT's Executive Director, Kirk Siegel and Gabe Perkins, Executive Director of Mahoosuc Pathways.  For more information and to apply, click here


Our Speaker Series Continues

A Day in the Life of an Ocean Swimmer

Todd Seikman celebrating another successful swim

Todd Seikman celebrating another successful swim

Todd Siekman, has been an avid swimmer his whole life. He began long distance ocean swimming 4 years ago for two reasons: to support the Lifeflight foundation, and as a means of recovering from brain surgery.  He swims with 4 to 13 others, ranging from 13-69 years old, accompanied by up to 7 kayakers.  They typically swim from 1.5 miles up to 5.5 miles depending on the day, weather conditions and ability of the participants. Come and join the discussion.  Wednesday, April 18th, 7:00 PM at McLaughlin Auditorium, Gould Academy, Bethel

MLT Member Profile

Meet Mike Richard, A tree Climbing Arborist and Forester

Mike Richard reduced.jpg
Mahoosuc Land Trust is grateful for its strong member support. As a member, what connects you to this organization? Is it a strong commitment to land conservation? An affinity to one or more of our properties? A belief that everyone should have access to the outdoors? In this new feature we will regularly profile members’ lifestyles, passions and connections to Mahoosuc Land Trust and the region.

Volunteers are a key component of the long-term viability of Mahoosuc Land Trust, bringing diverse skills, perspectives and dedication. Meet, for example, forester Mike Richard of Albany Township. We couldn’t resist telling his story, especially when we learned that he spent four years in the treetops as a “licensed climbing arborist” pruning, cabling, and bracing trees. His work showcases the connections between natural resources and the people who rely on them for work and enjoyment.

Mike is now District Forester for the Maine Forest Service. His service region covers most of Oxford County with the exception of areas north of Upton and Byron. He replaces Merle Ring, who retired after more than 30 years of service to the region. Mike is excited to build on Merle’s work and to share his passion for forestry with landowners and the public.

At MLT, Mike volunteers on the Stewardship Committee, which is responsible for overseeing the maintenance and monitoring of all of the trust’s properties. Mike’s wealth of hands-on and technical work experience adds a “boots on the ground” perspective to the committee. For example, his work as a forester for logging companies and timber investment firms provides valuable insight into how forested lands are valued as a resource. Also, his experience with Geographical Information Systems (GIS) is invaluable as MLT moves maps and data about its properties from paper to a digital format. This is great background to help MLT as we monitor our properties as part of our obligation to steward them “in perpetuity.”We asked Mike about being a volunteer for MLT.

First off, can you tell us a little bit about tree climbing?

I worked as a climbing arborist for four years before making the decision to return to higher education in forestry. I worked along the Lakes Region of New Hampshire and Southern Maine where I climbed trees to prune them, remove them or provide cabling and bracing to preserve them. This involved learning a lot of rope, chainsaw and rigging skills. Some of my favorite memories of that time were doing crane assisted removals with views of the White Mountains from the end of the crane's ball. It was great work that I still sometimes do for friends and family, but I decided I wanted to spend more time in forests with my feet on the ground.

"You’ve lived in Western Maine for the past 6 years. How did you first learn about MLT?"

A couple years back when my daily commute was through Grafton Notch, I would pass by both the Grafton Loop Trailhead and Step Falls areas. I have always been interested in land conservation and was looking for a way to be more involved within the Bethel community. I decided to reach out to MLT about volunteering and have been part of the Stewardship Committee ever since.

"What excites you about being an MLT volunteer?"

I enjoy the opportunity to use my professional skills to help MLT care for its properties. I appreciate that by helping to further MLT's mission, my family can look forward to spending time on properties that will be well managed for years to come.

I also personally benefit from volunteering with MLT. Designing trail maps for Step Falls and Puzzle Mountain is a very satisfying creative outlet. Being part of the monitoring team allows me to better understand how land can change with time. It has also been an ideal way for me to make more connections with people in the community. I also look forward to helping with trail work now that my son is getting older.

What do you do as our District Forester?

I am one of 10 District Foresters providing technical and educational assistance to landowners, loggers, municipalities and other stakeholders. In addition to educational workshops, field demonstrations and media presentations, Field Foresters can provide some one-on-one contact with individual landowners. Meeting with individual land owners and walking their woodlot is a large part of what I do. I answer questions they might have and help to steer them towards goal-based forest management. We also try to encourage them to work with a consulting forester.

When he’s not at work, Mike enjoys spending time with his wife and son, hiking, fly fishing and playing the guitar and banjo. He is a graduate of the University of New Hampshire’s Thompson School of Applied Science Forest Technology and received his bachelor’s degree in Forestry from UNH as well.


MLT Member Profile: Morning Glory Farm

Mahoosuc Land Trust is grateful for its strong member support. As a member, what connects you to this organization? Is it a strong commitment to land conservation? An affinity to one or more of our properties? A belief that everyone should have access to the outdoors? In this new feature we will regularly profile members’ lifestyles, passions and connections to Mahoosuc Land Trust and the region.

Chris Trefethen.png

Life is a series of choices. For Eric List and Christine Trefethen, a choice to purchase 5 acres of land in Bethel 20 years ago, is giving them an opportunity to develop a lifestyle that has long been in their dreams.

Back in 1998, Christine and Eric were looking for land that could eventually turn into a self-sustaining homestead. The flat, open parcel, complete with remnants of an apple orchard on the Flat Road showed promise. Slowly, over time, they built their house, created gardens, raised their two children, Eliot and Sophie, rejuvenated the apple trees and planted more. Recently they added chickens, and a couple of cows, sheep and goats and have increased their efforts to fulfill their dream of more personal self-sufficiency and keeping the land as a working farm.

For Eric and Christine, becoming members of Mahoosuc Land Trust mirrored their values of caring for the land and connecting to the community via local agriculture. Currently, they are busy experimenting with different crops and products to see what makes sense financially, fits into their daily rhythms and doesn’t require expansion into large machinery or work crew. Ice cider, cheese and 40 varieties of apples are some of the potential value-added products under consideration.  Part of the mission of their farm is to connect people to the natural world through farming and food production. Their farm is associated with a non-profit organization WWOOF - Worldwide Opportunities on Organic Farms - that links people wanting to learn farming skills with organic farms willing to teach and house the volunteers. This program ensures Eric and Christine a year-round supply of students eager to experience life on a small, organic operation.

In addition to their expertise in creating value added products, Eric has become highly skilled in fruit tree pruning and top grafting. To learn more about the farm, visit Morning Glory Farm’s Facebook page.